There are several types and symptoms of acne:
Open comedones are hard, superficial rashes that are usually gray or black in color. This type of acne is easy to remove with cosmetic facial cleansing.
Closed comedones (subcutaneous acne) are white subcutaneous rashes, the mechanism of which is similar to the appearance of open acne. Closed comedones often turn into classic red pimples: the accumulated sebum has no way out and leads to painful inflammation.
Papules – dense red pimples without purulent contents.
Pustules are classic pimples with a purulent content and a red, inflamed head, often leaving behind a stagnant spot.
Knots (nodules) – deep subcutaneous seals, usually accompanied by the release of pus and leave behind scars.
Pink (red) acne – are signs of rosacea and do not depend on the work of the sebaceous glands.
Causes of Acne
The appearance of acne in adults is most often associated with hyperandrogenism or increased sensitivity of the sebaceous glands to an increase in the synthesis and activity of male sex hormones. According to dermatologists, 23% of women of childbearing age and 8% of adolescent girls experience hyperandrogenism. We will analyze other possible factors and causes of acne on the face.
Hormonal imbalance. Most often, the appearance of acne is associated with changes in the hormonal system. Such changes occur during puberty, pregnancy, or during certain phases of the cycle. When an excess of male sex hormones appears in the body, the sebaceous glands actively produce sebum. Excess sebum, in turn, leads to the command of rashes at different ages.
Heredity. Physiological features in the hormonal background can be inherited from parents. If one of the parents had a tendency to develop acne in childhood, then there is a high probability that the child will similarly face the same problem.
Improper nutrition. An unbalanced diet can also cause the activity of the subcutaneous mite (Demodex), which causes acne: fried, fatty, salty, spicy foods, confectionery and flour products are also the cause of increased sebum production.
Frequent stress, lack of sleep. The stress hormone cortisol, produced by the adrenal glands during an emotional upheaval or against the background of sleep disturbances, also activates the sebaceous glands.
Non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene. Insufficient cleansing and the habit of often touching the face with hands also provoke the appearance of black dots.
Wrong skin care. The main thing that you should pay special attention to is the right care for problem skin. Oily skin is prone to increased activity of the sebaceous glands. In this case, care for other types will not work, as it will not allow normalizing sebum secretion and removing excess sebum. A suitable beauty routine based on gentle cleansing, moisturizing, seboregulation with antibacterial anti-inflammatory action will help keep acne under control.
How to quickly remove a pimple
Let’s be realistic, you will not be able to completely get rid of such an unpleasant problem as acne in 60 minutes. But do not be upset, in an hour you can remove the swelling and significantly reduce the redness of the skin.
Using ice cubes. Ice is not a cosmetic product, but for our purpose it is ideal. If you wrap a couple of ice cubes in a napkin or a thin towel and apply them to acne for 30-60 seconds, the skin will cool down a lot. This will slow down blood flow and visually reduce the size of the swelling.
Apply pure salicylic acid. We do not recommend using salicylic acid in its pure form, as it dries out the skin and in high concentrations can lead to burns. But if you have no other options – use it at your own peril and risk. If you treat the rashes with pure salicylic acid (for example, using a cotton swab or cotton pad), then the pimples will dry out quickly. Dried up acne will not be so inflamed, redness will decrease and visual imperfections will become less noticeable.
Pure tea tree oil. This ingredient is often used in home care as it is a good antiseptic and has pronounced bactericidal properties. Apply the oil in a clean video directly to the pimple. To do this, it is convenient to use a regular cotton swab. At the same time, it is not necessary to apply oil to healthy skin.